Mental Arithmetic Efficiency among Children with Visual Impaired and Sighted
Background: Teaching mathematics to the blind students is traditionally considered as a challenge. Various devises like Abacus, Taylor Frame, Tactile Board, and Geo Board have been invented and developed which enables the students with visual impairment to study mathematics so far. Some special school for blind uses Abacus in practice to teach math in the primary level and some are prefer Taylor Frame. While children with visual impairment in inclusive settings are scattered and identified as minority children in the schools. Objective: The present study was conducted on mental arithmetic efficiency among visually impaired children and sighted children in Dehradun and Delhi. Sample: The data was collected from a sample of 100 students (50 visually impaired children and 50 sighted children) who were studying in class VIth of the Govt schools for the blind. Design: The sample was selected by using purposive sampling technique. Tool: The descriptive survey method was used for the data collection by using self developed questionnaire. Results: The study reported that sighted children had high mental efficiency as compare to visually impaired children regarding the mathematics learning. Conclusion: The results evidenced that mental efficiency can be a powerful interface to develop and enhance mathematics learning in blind children.
Keywords: Mental Arithmetic Efficiency, Visually Impaired Children, Sighted Children