Cognitive Functions Activity of Daily Living Depression and Caregiver Burden in Elderly: A Clinic Based Study
Background: Caregiver burden can lead to negative health outcomes for caregivers and patients. Associated factors need to be studied to identify those most vulnerable to such risks and manage them effectively. Objectives: (1) To determine the level of cognitive functioning, ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL)and depression in elderly, along with the burden experienced by their primary caregiver.(2) To understand the relationship of cognitive function, ADL, depression and caregiver burden. Sample and Design: Cross-sectional and correlational study conducted on 35 elderly patients and their primary caregivers approaching the Geriatric Mental Health Clinic. The sample was selected from Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh. Tools used were Hindi Mental Status Examination, Everyday Abilities Scale for India, Geriatric Depression Scale–Hindi
Version and Zarit Burden Interview Results: Degree of cognitive impairment and difficulty performing ADL were positively and significantly correlated with perceived caregiver burden. However, degree of depression did not significantly correlate with caregiver burden. Conclusions: Caregiver burden was found to be significantly related with cognitive impairment and difficulty in performing activities of daily living by elderly.
Keywords: depression, activity of daily living, cognitive functions, caregiver burden, elderly.
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