Group therapy Improved Quality of life in Patients with Schizophrenia
Background: In this study, we assessed that the group therapy improved quality of life in patients with schizophrenia. This study was conducted at Psychiatric In-patient unit of Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences (RINPAS). Objective:This study was conducted to evaluate the role of group therapy on different outcome variables in schizophrenia patients. Sample: The sample was consisted of 20 patients with schizophrenia selected from in patient department of Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences for the current study. Among the total numbers of the patients, 10 were randomly assigned for group therapy with treatment as usual (GT+TAU)(experimental group) and 10 of them were assigned treatment as usual (TAU) (control group). Design: It was hospital-based intervention study. In this study pre and post- test design with control group in which schizophrenia patients assigned randomly in experimental and control group. Tools: Socio-Demographic & Clinical Data Sheet and WHOQOL-BREF scale were used for the assessment. After completion of the therapy sessions, post assessment was done and the follow up assessment completed after three months of post assessment. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 20.0 for windows was used for statistical analysis with the help of Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon Sign Rank test and Chi-square test. Results: Result of the present study reveals that there were statistical significant differences in the scores of different domains of Quality of life between experimental and control group Conclusions: The overall this study confirmed the hypotheses and prove that patients with schizophrenia benefit from group therapy in improving Quality of life and it was also show that the therapeutic gains were retained with no substantial degradation over a considerable period of time showing the durability and effectiveness of the group therapy used in the study.
Keywords: Group therapy, Quality of life and Schizophrenia.
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