Self-Concept of Hearing Impaired and Visually Impaired Children: A Cross Sectional Study
Background: Studies related to self-concept are mostly related to so called normal people. Specifically, studies carried
out in India are done with sample of college going students. In view of the fact, there is dearth of studies dealing with
hearing impaired as well as visually impaired; present study has special significance. It might reveal facts about the
perception of hearing impaired and visually impaired people towards themselves. Objective: Study was undertaken
that aimed at measuring self-concepts of visually and hearing-impaired male and female students and examines the
extent to which they differ from each other on different types of self-concepts.Sample:Thirty-twoindividuals with
hearing impaired and thirty two individuals with visually impaired were included in the present study. Tool:
Subjects were administered self evaluation scale of Awasthi (1990) and published by National Institute of Research
and Development, Nagpur (Maharashtra). Design: A 2x2 factorial design was used where both gender and
impairment were varied at two levels. Results: It revealed that the male students had significantly superior
intellectual self concept than female students. No gender difference was found on PSC, SSC, MSC, ESC and ASC.
Conclusion: Students with hearing impaired demonstrated significantly better moral and emotional self concept
than the students with visual impairment.
Keywords: Hearing Impairment, Visual Impairment, Self-Concept and Self-Esteem
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